Social History and Geology Bibliography

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
   
 

Baird, G. C., Brett, C. E., and D. Lehmann. 1992. The Trenton – Utica problem revisited: new observations and ideas regarding Middle – Late Ordovician stratigraphy and depositional environments in central New York , p. 1-40. In A. Goldstein (ed.), New York State Geological Association, 64 th Annual Meeting Guidebook.

Baird, G. C. and C. E. Brett. 2002. Indian Castle Shale: Late synorogenic siliciclastic succession in an evolving Middle to Late Ordovician foreland basin, eastern New York , p. 203-230. In C. E. Mitchell and R. Jacobi (eds.), Taconic Convergence: Orogen, Foreland Basin and Craton. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27.

Bergström, S. M., and C. E. Mitchell. 1986. The graptolite correlation of the North American Upper Ordovician standard. Lethaia, 19:247-266.

Berkley, J. L., and G. C. Baird. 2002. Calcareous K-bentonite deposits in the Utica Shale Trenton Group (Middle Ordovician), of the Mohawk Valley, New York State, p. In C. E. Mitchell and R. Jacobi (eds.), Taconic Convergence: Orogen, Foreland Basin and Craton. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27.

Bird, J. M., and J. F. Dewey. 1970. Lithosphere Plate-Continental Margin Tectonics and the Evolution of the Appalachian Orogeny. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 81:1031-1060.

Blakey, R. C. 2003. Detailed Paleogeography Maps: online resource available at the University of Arizona Department of Geology, URL: http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~rcb7/globaltext2.html

Bradley, D. C., and W. S. Kidd. 1991. Flexural extension of the upper continental crust in collisional foredeeps. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 103:1416-1438.

Brett, C. E., and M. E. Brookfield. 1984. Morphology, Faunas and Genesis of Ordovician Hardgrounds from Southern Ontario, Canada. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Paleoecology, 46:233-290.

Brett, C. E., T. E. Whiteley, P. A. Allison, and E. L. Yochelson. 1999. The Walcott-Rust Quarry: Middle Ordovician Trilobite Konservat-Lagerstätten. Journal of Paleontology, 73:288-305.

Brett C. E.,and G. C. Baird. 2002. Revised stratigraphy of the Trenton Group in the type area, central New York State: sedimentology, and tectonics of a Middle Ordovician shelf-to-basin succession, p. 231-263. In C.E . Mitchell and R. Jacobi (eds.), Taconic Convergence: Orogen, Foreland Basin and Craton. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27.

Brett, C. E., P. I. McLaughlin, G. C. Baird, and S. R. Cornell. In Press. Comparative sequence stratigraphy of two classic Upper Ordovician successions, Trenton Shelf (New York–Ontario) and Lexington Platform (Kentucky–Ohio): implications for eustasy and local tectonism in eastern Laurentia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

Brookfield, M. E. 1988. A mid-Ordovician temperate carbonate shelf – the Black River and Trenton Limestone groups of southern Ontario, Canada. Sedimentary Geology, 60:137-153.

Brookfield, M. E., and C. E. Brett. 1988. Paleoenvironments of the Mid-Ordovician (Upper Caradocian) Trenton limestones of southern Ontario, Canada: storm sedimentation on a -basin shelf model. Sedimentary Geology, 57:185-198.

Cameron, B. 1967. Oldest carnivorous gastropod borings, found in Trentonian (Middle Ordovician) brachiopods. Journal of Paleontology, 41:147-150.

Cameron, B. 1968. Stratigraphy and sedimentary environments of lower Trentonian Series (Middle Ordovician) in northwestern New York and southeastern Ontario: unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 271 p.

Cameron, B., and S. Mangion. 1977. Depositional environments and revised stratigraphy along the Black River-Trenton boundary in New York and Ontario. American Journal of Science, 277:486-502.

Chenoweth, P. A. 1952. Statistical Methods Applied to Trentonian Stratigraphy in New York. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 63:521-560.

Cisne, J. L., and B. D. Rabe. 1978. Coenocorrelation: Gradient Analysis of Fossil Communities and its Applications in Stratigraphy: Lethia, 11:341 - 364.

Cisne, J. L., D. E. Karig, B.D Rabe, and B. J. Hay. 1982. Topography and tectonics of the Taconic outer trench-slope as revealed through gradient analysis of fossil assemblages. Lethaia, 15:229-246.

Conrad, T. A. 1837. First Annual Report of the Third Geological District of the State of New York.

Conrad, T. A. 1837. Queries proposed by the geologists of the new survey of the State of New York, American Journal of Science, American Journal of Science, p.124-133.

Conrad, T. A. 1842. Final report of the New York State Paleontologist.

Clarke, J. M., and C. Schuchert. 1899. The nomenclature of the New York series of geological formations. Science, p. 874-878.

Cornell, S. R. 2000. Sequence Stratigraphy and Event Correlations of upper Black River and lower Trenton Group Carbonates of northern New York State and southern Ontario, Canada, unpublished M.S. Thesis, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Cornell, S. R., and C. E. Brett. 2000. K-Bentonite and sequence correlations of Upper Black River and lower Trenton Limestones from Lake Simcoe, southern Ontario Canada to Watertown, northern New York State. American Association for Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, vol. 84(9):1381.

Cornell, S. R., and C. E. Brett. 2001. Revisiting the Mohawkian Black River – Trenton Group Boundary Issue From the Perspective of Sequence Stratigraphy. Geological Society of America, Northeast Section Meeting Abstracts with Programs, 33(1):71.

Cushing, H. P. 1909. Geology of the Remsen Quadrangle: including Trenton Falls and vicinity in Oneida and Herkimer Counties. New York State Museum Bulletin, 126:51 p.

Cushing, H. P. 1908. Lower portion of the Paleozoic section in northwestern New York. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 19:155-176.

Dana, J. D. 1873. On some results of the earth's contraction from cooling including a discussion of the origin of mountains and the nature of the earth's interior. American Journal of Science, 5:423-443.

DeKay J. E. 1824. Observations on the structure of trilobites and description of an apparently new genus [Isotelus]. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York, 1:174-189.

Delano, J. W., C. Shirnick, B. Bock, S. F. Kidd, T. Heizler, G. W. Putnam, S. E. Delong, and M. Ohr. 1990. Petrology and geochemistry of Ordovician K-bentonites in New York State: constraints on the nature of a volcanic arc. Journal of Geology, 98:157-170.

Delano, J. W., S. Tice, C. E. Mitchell, and D. Goldman. 1994. Rhyolitic glass in Ordovician K- bentonites: a new stratigraphic tool. Geology, 22:115-118.

Dunham, R. J. 1962. Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture, p.108-121. In W.E. Ham (ed.), Classification of Carbonate Rocks. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 1.

Dutch, S. 1999. The Story of Geosynclines, online resource available at the University of Wisconsin Greenbay Department of Geology, URL:http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~rcb7/globaltext2.html

Eaton, A. 1824. A geological and agricultural survey of the district adjoining the Erie Canal. Packard and Van Benthuysen, Albany, New York.

Eaton, A. 1828a. Geological nomenclature, classes of rocks, etc. American Journal of Science, 14(1):145-159.

Eaton, A, 1828b. Tabular view of North American rocks. American Journal of Science, 13:384-385.

Eaton, A. 1830. Travelling term of Rensselaer for 1830 [notes on geology of New York]. American Journal of Science, 19(1):151-159.

Eicher, D. L. 1976. Geologic time, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 150 p.

Einsele, G. 1998. Event stratigraphy: recognition and interpretation of sedimentary event Horizons. In P. Doyle and M. R. Bennett, (eds.), Unlocking the stratigraphical record: advances in modern stratigraphy, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, United Kingdom.

Elliott, C. A. 1996. History of Science in the United States: A Chronology and Research Guide Garland Publishing: New York and London, pp.34-177. also available online at: http://home.earthlink.net/~claelliott/chronmain.htm

Emmons, E. 1842. Geology of New York; Part II, Comprising the survey of the second geological district. W. and A. White and J. Visscher, Albany, New York, 437 p.

Ettensohn, F. R. 2000. Locating possible epicentral areas for paleoearthquakes, Middle Ordovician Lexington Limestone, central Kentucky. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 32(7): 215.

Ettensohn, F. R., M. A. Kulp, and N. Rast. 2002. Interpreting ancient marine seismites and apparent epicentral areas for paleo-earthquakes, Middle Ordovician Lexington Limestone, central Kentucky. In F. R. Ettensohn, N. Rast, and C. E. Brett (eds), Geological Society of America Special Paper, 359:177-190.

Fisher, D. W. 1954. Lower Ordovician (Canadian) stratigraphy of the Mohawk Valley. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 65:71-96.

Fisher, D. W. 1957. Mohawkian (Middle Ordovician) Biostratigraphy of the Wells Outlier, Hamilton County, New York. New York State Museum Bulletin, 359:33 p.

Fisher, D. W. 1960. Correlation Chart of the Ordovician and Silurian Rocks in New York State. New York State Museum Map and Chart Series no. 1.

Fisher, D. W. 1962. Correlation of the Cambrian rocks in New York State. New York State Museum Map and Chart Series no. 2.

Fisher, D. W. 1977. Correlation of the Hadrynian, Cambrian, and Ordovician rocks in New York State. New York State Museum Map and Chart Series no. 25, 75 p.

Fisher, D.W. 1978. Laudable Legacy - A Synopsis of the Titans of Geology and Paleontology in New York State, New York State Geological Association 50th Annual Meeting Guidebook, p. 1-24.

Folk, R. L. 1962. Spectral subdivision of limestone types, p. 62-84. In W. E. Ham (ed.), Classification of carbonate rocks. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 1.

Fürsich, F. T., and W. Oschmann. 1993. Shell beds as tools in basin analysis: the Jurassic Kachchh, western India. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 150:169-185.

Gildner, R. F. 2003. Mohawk Valley Fossils: online resource available at Union College Geology Department, URL: http://zircon.geology.union.edu/gildner/stack.html

Gildner, R. F., J. L. Cisne, and J. Garver. 1994. Teaching biostratigraphy; bringing the real world to the students: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 26:85.

Goldman, D., C. E. Mitchell, S. M. Bergström, J. W. Delano, and S. Tice. 1994. K-bentonite and graptolite biostratigraphy in the Middle Ordovician of New York State and Quebec: A new chronostratigraphic model. Palaios, 9:124-143.

Grabau, A. W. 1932. Principles of stratigraphy. A. G. Seiler and Company, New York, 1185 p.

Greenlee, S. M., and P. J. Lehmann. 1993. Stratigraphic framework of productive carbonate buildups, p. 43-62. In R. G. Loucks, and J. F. Sarg, Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphy. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 57.

Hahn, F. F. 1913. Untermeerische Gleitung bei Trenton Falls (Nordamerika) und ihr Verhaeltnis zu aehnlinchen Stoerungsbilders: In E. Schweizerbart'sche (ed.), Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abhandlungen, Abteilung A: Mineralogie, Petrographie, Stuttgart, Verlagsbuchhandlung, p. 1-41

Hall, J. 1847b. Palaeontology of New York, v. 1, Containing descriptions of the organic remains of the lower division of the New-York system (equivalent of the Lower Silurian rocks of Europe). Natural History of New York: Albany, State of New York, 6: 338 p.

Hall, J. 1859. Catalog of the species of fossils…of New York. New York State Cabinet of Natural History, Annual Report, 12:63-96.

Hanson, L. 2000. A Brief Introduction to Second Order Features and the Orogenic History of the Conterminous United States, Compiled for the Geomorphology Class at Salem State College, Image of Physiographic Map of the Conterminous United States. available online at http://www.salemstate.edu/~lhanson/gls210/gls210_ provinces/about.htm

Hay, B., and J. Cisne, J. L., 1988. Deposition in the Oxygen-Deficient Taconic Foreland Basin, Late Ordovician, p. 387-416. In B. Keith (ed.), The Trenton Group (Upper Ordovician Series) of Eastern North America. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Short Course, 29.

Holland, S. M., and M. E. Patzkowsky. 1996. Sequence stratigraphy and long-term lithic change in the Middle and Upper Ordovician of the eastern United States, p. 117-130. In B. J. Witzke, et al. (eds.), Paleozoic Sequence Stratigraphy: Views from the North American Craton. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 306.

Holland, S. M., and M. E. Patzkowsky. 1997. Distal orogenic effects on peripheral bulge sedimentation: Middle and Upper Ordovician of the Nashville Dome. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 67:250-263.

Holland, S. M., and M. E. Patzkowsky. 1998. Sequence stratigraphy and relative sea-level history of the Middle and Upper Ordovician of the Nashville Dome, Tennessee. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68:684-699.

Holland, S. 2003. Sequence Stratigraphy of the Middle and Upper Ordovician of the Eastern United States: online resource available University of Georgia Department of Geology Stratigraphy Lab, URL: http://www.uga.edu/~strata/ordoss/ordoseqstrat.pdf

Jacobi, R. D., and C. E. Mitchell. 2002. Geodynamical interpretation of a major unconformity in the Taconic Foredeep; slide scar or onlap unconformity?, p. 169-201. In C. E. Mitchell and R. Jacobi (eds.), Taconic Convergence: Orogen, Foreland Basin and Craton, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27.

Jacobi, R.D., S. Loewenstein, J. P. Martin, and G. Smith. 2000. Magnetic, gravity, and Landsat lineaments in the Appalachian Basin, New York State: groundtruth, faults, and traps. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 84(9):1387.

Joy, M. P., and C. E. Mitchell. 1997. Growth Faulting and Local Uplifts in the Development of the Late Middle-Ordovician Facies Mosaic of the Taconic Basin, New York State. Geological Society Of America Northeastern Section Abstracts With Programs, 28:69.

Kay, G. M. 1929. Stratigraphy of the Decorah Formation. Journal of Geology, 37(7):639-671.

Kay, G. M. 1931. Stratigraphy of the Ordovician Hounsfield Metabentonite. Journal of Geology, 39(4):361-376.

Kay, G. M. 1933. The Ordovician Trenton Group in North-Western New York: Stratigraphy of the Lower and Upper Limestone Formations. American Journal of Science, 26(151):1-15.

Kay, G. M. 1935, Distribution of Ordovician altered volcanic materials and related clays : Geological Society of America Bulletin , 46( 2):225-244.

Kay, G. M. 1937. Stratigraphy of the Trenton group. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 48(2):233-302.

Kay, G. M. 1943. Mohawkian Series on West Canada Creek, New York. American Journal of Science, 241(10):597-606.

Kay, G. M. 1948. Paleozoic North American geosynclines and island arcs. 18 th International Geological Congress, London, 59:93.

Kay, G.M. 1948. Summary of Middle Ordovician bordering Allegheny synclinorium, p. 1397-1416. In J. T. Galey, (ed.), Appalachian Basin Ordovician Symposium. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 32.

Kay, G. M. 1951. North American geosynclines. Geological Society of America Memoir, 48, 143 p.

Kay, G. M. 1953. Geology of the Utica Quadrangle, New York. New York State MuseumBulletin, 347, 126 p.

Kay, G. M. 1968. Ordovician Formations in Northwestern New York. Le Naturaliste Canadien, 95:1373-1378.

Keith, B. D. ed., 1988. The Trenton Group (Upper Ordovician Series) of eastern North America: Deposition, Diagenesis, and Petroleum, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Studies in Geology 29, 317 p.

Keesler, M. P. 1999. Kuyahoora: Discovering West Canada Valley, Canterbury Press Publisher, Rome, New York, 286 p.

Kemp, J. F. 1902. Theodore G. White (obituary): In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 14:148-149.

Kohrs, R. 2003. Centimeter-scale characterization, correlation, and microfabric analysis of event beds within the Alexandria submember of the Kope formation (Upper Ordovician, Edenian) in Cincinnati, OH and Northern Kentucky: unpublished M.S. Thesis Document, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Kowalewski, M., A. Dulai, and F. T. Fursich. 1998. A fossil record full of holes: The Phanerozoic history of drilling predation. Geology, 26:1091–1094.

Landing, E. 2004. Stark's Knob Scientific Reservation: online resource available at New York State Museum website, URL: http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/services/starks/index.html

Landing, E., G. Pe-Piper, W. S. F. Kidd, and K. Azmy. 2003. Tectonic setting of outer trench slope volcanism: pillow basalt and limestone in the Taconian orogen of eastern New York. Canadian Journal of Earth Science, 40:1773-1787.

Lehmann, D., C .E. Brett, and R. Cole. 1994. Tectonic and eustatic influences upon the sedimentary environments of the Upper Ordovician strata of New York and Ontario, p.181-201. In J. M. Dennison, and F. R. Ettenshohn,( eds.), Tectonic and eustatic controls on sedimentarly cycles. Society of Sedimentary Geology (SEPM), Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology, 4.

Leslie, S. A., and S. M. Bergström. 1995. Revision of the North American Late Middle Ordovician standard stage classification and timing of the Trenton transgression based on K-bentonite bed correlation, p. 49-54. In J. D. Cooper, et al. (eds.), Ordovician Odyssey: Short papers for the seventh International Symposium on the Ordovician System: Pacific Section, Society for Sedimentary Geology Paper 77.

Mangion, S. M. 1972. Stratigraphy and sedimentary environments of the Medial Ordovician Kings Falls and Sugar River limestones (Trenton Group) of northwestern and central New York: Unpublished Master's Thesis, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, 98 p.

Marcou, J. 1891. Biographical notice of Ebenezer Emmons [1800-1863]. American Geologist, p. 1-23.

McLaughlin, P. I., C. E. Brett, S. L. Taha McLaughlin, and S. R. Cornell. 2001. Eustacy and tectonics of the Late Ordovician of eastern Laurentia: implications from sequence stratigraphic comparison of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Kentucky. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 33:214.

McLaughlin, P. I. 2002. Late Ordovician Seismites of Kentucky and Ohio: A Sedimentological and Sequence Stratigraphic Approach. Unpublished M. S. Thesis, University of Cincinnati, 234 p.

McLaughlin, P. I. and C. E. Brett. 2004. Eustatic and tectonic control on the distribution of marine seismites: examples from the Upper Ordovician of Kentucky, USA. Sedimentary Geology, 168 (3-4):165-192.

Megathlin, G. R. 1938. Faulting in the Mohawk Valley. New York State Museum and Science Service Bulletin, 315:85-122.

Mehrtens, C. J. 1984. Foreland Basin Sedimentation in the Trenton Group of Central New York. New York State Geological Association Guidebook, p. 59-98.

Mehrtens, C. J. 1988. Bioclastic Turbidites in the Trenton Limestone: Significance and Criteria for Recognition, p. 387-416. In B. Keith (ed.), The Trenton Group (Upper Ordovician Series) of Eastern North America. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Short Course, 29.

Mehrtens, C. J. 1992. Sedimentology of the Denley Limestone (Middle Ordovician, Trenton Group) in Central New York. New York State Geological Association Guidebook, p. 72-96.

Miller, W. J. 1908. Highly folded between nonfolded strata at Trenton Falls, New York. Journal of Geology, 16:428-433.

Miller, W. J. 1909. Geology of the Remsen Quadrangle, including Trenton Falls and vicinity in Oneida and Herkimer counties. New York State Museum Bulletin,126, 51 p.

Miller, W. J. 1915. Notes on the intraformational contorted strata at Trenton Falls [New York]. New York State Museum Bulletin,177:135-143.

Mitchell, C. E., and S. M. Bergstrom. 1991. New graptolite and lithostratigraphic evidence from the Cincinnati region, U.S.A., for the definition and correlation of the base of the Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician), p. 59-77. I n C. R. Barnes, and S. H. Williams, (eds.), Advances in Ordovician Geology: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 90-9.

Mitchell, C. E., and R. D. Jacobi (eds.). 2002. Taconic convergence; orogen, foreland basin and craton: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27, 288 p.

Mitchell, C. E., D. Goldman, G. C. Baird, C. E. Brett, S. M. Bergström, and J. M. Delano. 1993. Age and facies relationships of the Middle Ordovician Dolgeville Formation in the Mohawk Valley, New York. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 25(6):75.

Mitchell, C. E., D. Goldman, J. W. Delano, S. D. Samson, and S. M. Bergström. 1994. Temporal and spatial distribution of biozones and facies relative to geochemically correlated K-bentonites in the Middle Ordovician Taconic foredeep. Geology, 22:715-717.

Mitchell, C. E. 1983. Astogeny and phylogeny of the Diplograptina (Graptoloidea). Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, p.

Nelson, C. S. 1988. An introductory perspective on non-tropical shelf carbonates. Sedimentary Geology, 60:3-12.

Nelson, C. S., and A. L. Weinheimer, 1988. Radiolarians as indicators of oceanographic and paleoceanographic conditions. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 22. p. 183.

Nelson, C. S. 1978. Temperate shelf carbonate sediments in the Cenozoic of New Zealand. Sedimentology, 25:737-767.

Neumann, A. C., and L. S. Land. 1975. Lime mud deposition and calcareous algae in the Bight of Abaco, Bahamas: A budget. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 45:763-786.

Pitcher, C. A. 1915. The golden era of Trenton Falls. Utica, New York, 120 p.

Prosser, C. S., and E. R. Cummings. 1896. Sections and Thicknesses of the Lower Silurian Formations on West Canada Creek and in the Mohawk Valley. Report of the New York State Geologist James Hall, pp. 615-660.

Raymond, P. E. 1903. The faunas of the Trenton at the type section and at Newport, N. Y. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 17:1-18.

Renwick, J. 1838. Outlines of geology, prepared for the use of the Junior Class of Columbia College: Henry Ludwig, 96 p.

Ries, H. 1904. Notes on mineral developments in the region around Ithaca [New York]. Annual Report of the Regents New York State Museum, 56:107-108.

Romero, A. 2002. James Ellsworth De Kay: online web resource available at URL: http://www.clt.astate.edu/aromero/new_page_31.htm

Rowley, D. B., and W. S. F. Kidd. 1981. Stratigraphic relationships and detrital composition of the medial Ordovician flysch of western New England; implications for the tectonic evolution of the Taconic Orogeny. Journal of Geology, 89:199-218.

Ruedemann, R. 1909. Some marine algae from the Trenton limestone of New York. New York State Museum Bulletin,133:194-216.

Ruedemann, R. 1912. The lower Siluric shales of the Mohawk Valley. New York State Museum Bulletin 162, 151 p.

Ruedemann, R. 1925. The Utica and Lorraine Formations of New York. New York State: Museum Bulletin, 258, 175 p.

Ruedemann, R. 1947. Graptolites of North America. Geological Society of America Memoir, 19:1-652.

Scholle, P. A. 1978. A color illustrated guide to carbonate rock constituents, textures,

cements, and porosities. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 27, 241 p.

Schweizer, P. D., D. Tatham, C. G. Wood. 1989. The Art of Trenton Falls: 1825-1900: Syracuse University Press, 72 p.

Scotese, C. R. and W. S. McKerrow. 1991. Ordovician plate tectonic reconstructions, p. 271-282. In C. R. Barnes and S. H. Williams, (eds.), Advances in Ordovician Geology, paper 90-09.

Seilacher, A. 1969. Fault-graded beds interpreted as seismites. Sedimentology, 13(1-2):155-159.

Shanmugam G., and G. G. Lash. 1982. Analagous tectonic evolution of the Ordovician foredeeps, southern and central Appalachians. Geology, 10:562-566.

Sherman, J. 1827. A Description of Trenton Falls, Oneida County, New York, Wm. H. Colyer Publisher, New York, New York, 23 p.

Sloss, L. L. 1963. Sequences in the cratonic interior of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 74: 93-114.

Sweet, W. C. 1984. Graphic correlation of upper Middle and Upper Ordovician rocks, North American Midcontinent province, U.S.A, p. 23-36. In D. L. Bruton, (ed.), Aspects of the Ordovician System. Paleontological Contributions from the University of Oslo, vol. 295.

Thomas, H. 1951. Trenton Falls: Yesterday and Today: Prospect Books and Knickerbocker Press, Prospect, New York,177 p.

Titus, R., and B. Cameron. 1976. Fossil communities of the lower Trenton Group (Middle Ordovician) of central and northwestern New York State, Journal of Paleontology, 50:1209-1225.

Titus, R. 1977. Paleontology of the Lower Trenton Group of Central New York. New York State Geological Association Guidebook, pp.1 - 20.

Titus, R. 1986. Fossil Communities of the Upper Trenton Group (Ordovician) of New York State. Journal of Paleontology, 60:805-824.

Titus, R. 1989. Clinal Variation in Ectenocrinus simplex. Journal of Paleontology, 63:81-91.

Titus, R. 1992. Clinal variation, heterochrony, and facies in the Trentonian Sowerbyella
linage (Ordovician, New York State). Journal of Paleontology, 66:758-771.

Tucker, M. E., and V. P. Wright. 1990. Carbonate sedimentology. Blackwell Science, 482 p.

Tucker, M. E. 1981. Sedimentary petrology; an introduction. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 252 p.

Vail, P. R., F. Audemard, S. A. Bowman, P. N. Eisner, and G. Perez-Cruz. 1991. The stratigraphic signatures of tectonics, eustacy and sedimentology; an overview, p. 617-659. In G. Einsele, W. Ricken, and A. Seilacher, (eds.), Cycles and events in stratigraphy.

Vanuxem, L. 1838. Second annual report of the geological survey of the third district of the State of New York. New York Geological Survey Annual Report, 2:253-286.

Vanuxem, L. 1842. Geology of New York, Part III, comprising the survey of the Third Geologic District, 306 p.

Vanuxem, L. 1842. Final Report of the Third District, Geology of New York State, Part III, p. 45-56.

Van Wagoner, J.C., H. W. Posamentier, R. M. Mitchum, P. R. Vail, T. F. Sarg, T. S. Loutit, and J. Hardenbol. 1988. An overview of the fundamentals of sequence stratigraphy and key definitions, p. 39-45. In C. K. Wilgus, B. S. Hastings, C. G. St.G Kendall, H. Posamentier, C. A. Ross, and J. C. Van Wagoner, (eds.), Sea-Level Changes-- An Integrated Approach, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication, 42.

Veevers, J. J., D. A. Falvey, and S. Robins. 1978. Timor Trough and Australia; facies show topographic wave migrated 80 km during the past 3 m.y. Tectonophysics, 45:217-227.

Walcott, C. D. 1875a. New species of trilobite from the Trenton limestone at Trenton Falls, New York. Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, 2:347-349.

Walcott, C. D. 1875b. Description of a new species of trilobite. Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, 2:273-274.

Walcott, C. D. 1876. Notes on Ceraurus pleurexanthemus Green. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York, 11:155-159.

Walcott, C.D. 1877. Preliminary notice of the discovery of the remains of the natatory and branchial appendages of Trilobites. 29 th Annual Report of the New York State Regents, New York State Museum of Natural History, pp. 89-92.

Walcott, C. D. 1883. Injury sustained by the eye of a trilobite at the time of the moulting of the shell. American Journal of Science, 26:302.

Walker, R. G. 1965. The origin and significance of the internal sedimentary structures of Turbidites. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 35:1-32.

Walker, K. R., 1973. Stratigraphy and Environmental Sedimentology of Middle Ordovician Black River Group in the Type Area-New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin, 419:56 p.

Webb, R. W., P. H. Daus, and J. Murdoch. 1967. William John Miller, Geology: Los Angeles (1880-1965); Professor Emeritus, available online at: http://dynaweb.oac.cdlib.org:8088/ dynaweb/uchist/public/inmemoriam/inmemoriam1967/@Generic__BookTextView/1147

Wegener, A. 1924. On the Origin of Continents and Oceans, Metheun, London.

Wheeler, H. E. 1963. Interregional Paleozoic sequences in North America. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 73:261 p.

White, T. G. 1895. The Faunas of the Upper Ordovician Strata at Trenton Falls, Oneida County, New York. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 15:71-86.

White, T. G. 1896a. The original Trenton rocks. American Journal of Science, 4:430-432.

White, T.G. 1896b. The faunas of the upper Ordovician strata at Trenton Falls, Oneida County, New York. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 15:71-96.

Wilson, J.G. and J. Fiske. eds., 1887-1889. Biographical Sketch of Lardner Vanuxem. In Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, D. Appleton and Company, New York, edited for use online by Stanley L. Klos, 1999 available at: http://www.famousamericans.net/lardnervanuxem/

Wilson, J. G. and J. Fiske. eds., 1887-1889. Biographical Sketch of James Renwick. In Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, D. Appleton and Company, New York, edited for use online by Stanley L. Klos, 1999 available at: http://www.famousamericans.net/jamesrenwick/

Wilson, J. G. and J. Fiske. eds., 1887-1889. Biographical Sketch of James Hall. In Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, D. Appleton and Company, New York, edited for use online by Stanley L. Klos, 1999 available at: edited for use online by Stanley L. Klos, 1999 available at: http://www.famousamericans.net/jameshall1/

Wilson, A. E. 1921. The range of certain lower Ordovician faunas of the Ottawa Valley, Canada Geological Survey Bulletin, 33:19-57.

Yochelson, E. L. 1996. From Farmer-Laborer to Famous Leader: Charles D. Walcott (1850-1927), GSA Today,

Yochelson, E. L. 1998. Charles Doolittle Walcott, Paleontologist. Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio, 584 p.

Yochelson, E. L. 2001. Smithsonian Institution Secretary, Charles Doolittle Walcott. Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio, 589 p.

Young, F. P. 1943a. Black River Stratigraphy and faunas: I. American Journal of Science, 241:141-166.

Young, F. P. 1943b. Black River Stratigraphy and faunas: II. American Journal of Science, 241:209-240.

 

Image Sources:

Image of John Mason Clarke from: http://www.planetary.brown.edu/~cooper/genealogy/clarke.html

Image of Amos Eaton from: http://www.lib.rpi.edu/dept/library/html/Archives/gallery/Eaton/biography/portrait.html (1841)

Portrait Image of James Hall from: http://www.usgs.gov/museum/575004.html

Image of Samuel L. Mitchell from : http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/earlycc/, A publication on Early Columbia College, 1784-1856, An Interactive History.

Image of Percy E. Raymond from : http://www.planetary.brown.edu/~cooper/genealogy/raymond.html

Image of James Renwick from : http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/earlycc/, A publication on Early Columbia College, 1784-1856, An Interactive History.

Image of William H. Seward from : http://www.impeach-andrewjohnson.com/11BiographiesKey Individuals/WilliamHSeward.htm. Image originally from Harper's Weekly.

Image of Sir William Johnson from: http://www.fortklock.com/simmsch2.htm Copyright © 1998, -- 2003. Berry Enterprises. All rights reserved.

New York State Interactive Mapping Gateway Home Page: Digital Orthophotos for the Trenton Falls Area with one meter data plotted at one square mile http://www.nysgis.state.ny.us/gateway/mg/ interactive_main.html

Lindley Hanson, 2000, A Brief Introduction to Second Order Features and the Orogenic History of the Conterminous United States, Compiled for the Geomorphology Class at Salem State College, Image of Physiographic Map of the Conterminous United States. available online at http://www.salemstate.edu/~lhanson/gls210/gls210_ provinces/about.htm

Image of: Pseudogygites latimarginatus from:http://www.geocities.com/trilobitologist/ Copyright © 2001 Kevin Brett.

Descriptive guide to the Adirondacks, (land of the thousand lakes) and to Saratoga Springs;... Image of Iroquois drinking from stream: http://historical.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/cul.nys/docviewer?did=nys653&view=50&frames=0&seq=22

http://www.smarterscience.com/geochis/geochis.html - Discussion surrounding Vanuxem's chemical research

http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/StateGeolMaps.HTM: NOTES The maps were generated from U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-11, Release 2, 1998, by Paul G. Schruben, Raymond E. Arndt and Walter J. Bawiec. This is a CD containing a digitized version of the Geology of the Conterminous United States at 1:2,500,000 Scale, 1974, by P.B. King and H. M. Beikman. Maps of the individual states have been extracted and rectified with north up.

The CD contains a number of file types, including a color image viewable at one pixel = 500 meters. However, close comparison of the digitized map compared to the original paper map, as well as comparison to more detailed maps, shows that the map cannot be reliably used at such a scale. The viewing scale of one pixel per kilometer is probably the largest scale that can be reliably used, and caution should be used in applying the maps at kilometer scale.

Coloring has been maintained fairly similar to the paper USGS map with some exceptions. Within periods, colors mostly grade from dark at the bottom to light at the top. The middle color is used generically for undivided periods. For sedimentary units, coloring is as uniform as possible across the map, with a few ad-hoc variations for areas where extra subdivisions are required. The principal exception is that I insist granite is pink on a geologic map and other igneous rocks should be red or orange. Igneous and metamorphic rocks are colored using shades that contrast with other rock units, and vary in usage in the Appalachians (Paleozoic), Midcontinent (Precambrian) and far West (mostly Mesozoic and Cenozoic). Each map has its own color legend.

Fossils of brachs, and crinoids, and corals from: World Paleontological Society http://www.geocities.com/atrypa/index.html

 

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